The Increasing Variety of Reduced-Fat Products With Fat Replacers

The following matrix illustrates which fat replacers are used, or may be used in the future, in major food categories. Note that in some cases the fat replacer may be the only ingredient necessary to achieve the desired function, while in other cases, a combination of ingredients (e.g., one or more fat replacers, bulking agents and/or low-calorie sweeteners) may be necessary. Also, fat replacers will have varying degrees of success, depending on the specific product application.

Fat Replacers
Food Category Carbohydrate-Based Protein-Based Fat-Based
Milk/Dairy-Type Products
(e.g., beverages, cheese,
sour cream, yogurt)
cellulose, gums, inulin, maltodextrins, maltose, oatrim, polydextrose, starches microparticulated protein, modified whey protein
concentrate, other protein ingredients
emulsifiers, olestra*
Refrigerated/Frozen Desserts
(e.g., ice cream, puddings,
fillings, cheesecakes)
cellulose, gums, inulin, maltodextrins, oatrim, polydextrose, starches microparticulated protein, modified whey protein
concentrate, protein blends, other protein ingredients
emulsifiers,
salatrim, olestra*,
other lipid (fat/oil)
analogs*
Meat/Poultry Products gums, inulin, maltodextrins, oatrim, starches olestra*, other lipid (fat/oil) analogs* (fried foods)
Fish/Shellfish Products olestra*, other lipid (fat/oil)
analogs* (fried foods)
Cooking/Salad Oils
(e.g., used in cooking, frying,
baking, on salads)
microparticulated protein (salad oil) olestra*, other lipid (fat/oil)
analogs*
Other Fats and Oils
(e.g., margarine, pourable
dressings, mayonnaise, and
other spreads)
cellulose, gelatin, gums, inulin, maltodextrins, oatrim,
polydextrose, starches
microparticulated protein, protein blends, other protein ingredients emulsifiers, salatrim,
olestra*, other lipid (fat/oil)
analogs*
Soups/Sauces/Gravies cellullose, gums, inulin, maltodextrins, oatrim, starches microparticulated protein, modified whey protein concentrate emulsifiers, olestra*, other lipid (fat/oil) analogs*
Cereals/Grain Products
(e.g., crackers, muffins, breads)
gums, fiber, inulin, maltodextrins, starches microparticulated protein emulsifiers, olestra (crackers), other lipid (fat/oil) analogs*
Confectionery & Candies cellulose, crystalline fructose, gums, inulin, maltodextrins, oatrim, polydextrose, polyols, starches microparticulated protein caprenin, emulsifiers, olestra*, salatrim, other lipid (fat/oil) analogs*
Baked Desserts
(e.g., pizza, casseroles,
microwaveable frozen meals)
celllulose, fiber, gums, inulin, maltodextrins, maltose, oatrim, polydextrose, polyols, starches microparticulated protein, protein blends, modified whey protein concentrate emulsifiers, olestra*, salatrim, other lipid (fat/oil) analogs*
Prepared Entrees
(e.g., pizza, casseroles,
microwaveable frozen meals)
ccellulose, gums, inulin, maltodextrins, oatrim, polydextrose, starches microparticulated protein, modified whey protein concentrate emulsifiers, olestra*, other lipid (fat/oil)
analogs*
Savory Snacks
(e.g., chips, pretzels, popcorn,
puffs)
cellulose, fiber, gums, maltodextrins, maltose, starches olestra, other lipid (fat/oil) analogs*

*Currently not available for use.